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What To Do About Corns and Calluses

Unsightly corns and calluses may seem like minor foot imperfections, but they can also become annoying and painful. Without treatment, they can affect your ability to walk normally and lead to more serious foot problems. 

Corns and calluses form at points where pressure or friction occurs on your feet. They can develop at any age but are more common after age 65. Corns and calluses affect 20-65% of people age 65-plus

While every corn or callus may not require professional care, you may do more harm than good by applying an over-the-counter treatment to improve their appearance or reduce discomfort. 

Early intervention can give you the best option for effective relief and treatment of corns and calluses. You can get an expert diagnosis of your corns, calluses, and other foot ailments from Jeremy Moran, DPM, at ToeOp, Dr. Moran’s private practice in Tomball, Texas. 

After a thorough examination, Dr. Moran determines the reason for your corns and calluses so you can avoid the situations that cause them. He also develops a plan to treat your condition that may involve care in the office and/or at home.

What are corns and calluses?

Corns and calluses develop to protect your foot from irritation. These conditions result in thickened skin at the site where pressure is repeatedly applied against a part of your foot, often as the result of wearing ill-fitting shoes.

Corns are a type of callus that forms on smooth surfaces of your foot, typically on the top or sides of your toe. They are often small and round with a clearly defined center.

Calluses develop as sections or patches of toughened skin, often on the bottom of your foot. They may be yellow or pale. As a callus thickens, it may become less sensitive to touch. 

Corns are calluses are more likely to develop if you are diabetic because people with this condition are prone to overly dry skin and poor circulation, They can also occur if you have a condition such as arthritis, bunions, hammertoes, or bone spurs, that has changed the normal structure of your foot.

Working on your feet all day, participating in long-distance running, and wearing shoes without socks can also make you more susceptible to developing corns and calluses.

When do corns and calluses need treatment?

When corns and calluses include open wounds, look red, worsen, or become inflamed, you should have them examined. You should also have a medical examination if your corns or calluses are interfering with your daily life.

Seeking professional foot care is also important if you have diabetes, a weakened immune system, peripheral arterial disease, or poor circulation, since having these conditions increases the likelihood that a corn or callus can develop into a more serious condition.

What is the treatment for corns and calluses?

Treatment for corns and calluses depends on their location, condition, and the symptoms you’re experiencing. 

You may not require treatment for mild corns and calluses. For these cases, Dr. Moran may suggest changing your shoes and/or adding padding to protect your feet from friction where corns or calluses have formed.

If you need treatment, Dr. Moran may apply a prescription-strength salicylic acid solution to the site of the thickened skin of a corn or callus to soften the area. 

Depending on your condition, you may need to continue applying solutions at home daily, wear custom orthotics to offset an underlying foot deformity, or switch to roomier, better-fitting shoes.

Dr. Moran may remove larger corns or calluses with a surgical blade. This involves carefully shaving away the thickened skin of the corn or callus. The procedure is painless because the knife is attacking dead skin.

When corns and calluses are caused by a misaligned bone in your foot and the results are severely affecting your daily life, you need surgery to correct the bone alignment.

Untreated corns and calluses can develop into serious foot conditions and limit your ability to walk normally. Schedule an appointment by calling us at ToeOp today.

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